Alexander the Great was a king of Ancient Greece and his rule extended from Greece to Asia Minor, Egypt, the Near East, and India. The contact with distant cultures not only spread Greek styles across the known world, but also showed Greek art and artists to new and exotic influences. An increasingly affluent society demanded luxurious objects, especially gold jewelry.
Vast amounts of gold became available after the Persian empire was conquered and so there was a big demand for fashionable gold jewellery. For centuries to come, Alexander the Great's successors supported the artists and craftsmen, the most important were associated with the Hellenistic royal courts.
During the Hellenistic period (from 323 BC), a variety of jewellery pieces were created, such as earrings, necklaces, pins, bracelets, armbands, thigh bands, rings and elaborate hair ornaments. Bracelets were often worn in pairs and matching sets were frequently made. Many pieces were set with pearls, emeralds, garnets, carnelians, banded agates, sardonyx, chalceldony and rock crystal. Inlays of colourful enamel contrasted with delicate gold settings. Greek gods and goddesses, including Aprodite and her son Eros, Nike and the eagle of Zeus, were popular designs
Jewellery was often passes through the generations and sometimes was given as an offering to the Gods. Large amounts of jewellery have been discovered, having been buried for safekeeping. Some of the best preserved examples of jewellery from this period have been found in tombs, when it was common for the wealthy to be buried with elaborate gold jewellery.